What Causes Hair Loss And What Are The Treatments Available?

There are various causes for hair loss. It could be hereditary, due to hormonal changes or medical conditions. Men and women both can experience hair fall under these circumstances. If it is to such an extent that baldness shows, it becomes particularly distressing for that individual. As far as baldness is concerned, heredity is considered as the most common cause. Sometimes, people allow baldness to remain untreated and some people try to cover it up with hats, scarves etc. Yet, some people choose to select the best hair treatments available and reclaim their beauty and feel confident!

It is important that you understand the cause rather than resorting to hats and scarves!

Let us first understand the various symptoms:

  • Gradual thinning on the top of the head
  • Circular or patchy bald spots
  • Sudden loose hair falling off
  • Patches of scaling that spread across the scalp

If you notice sudden bald patches or lots of loose hair, you must talk to your doctor in order to find out the underlying cause. The doctor will select the best hair treatment for your condition.

Normally, people shed 50 to 100 hairs a day. This usually does not lead to hair thinning or baldness. The most common causes include:

  • Heredity
  • Hormonal changes,
  • Medical conditions
  • Medications


Once you contact a doctor, you will undergo a series of tests to diagnose the root cause. Here are some of the tests that you will undergo:

  • Blood Tests – Blood tests help eliminate thyroid as the root cause.
  • Pull Tests – The doctor will actually pull a bunch of hair to see how many come out.
  • Scalp Biopsy – The doctor will scrape samples of skin or from the root of the hair for observation for any other medical condition.
  • Light Microscopy – A special instrument is used to observe hairs that are trimmed at their base.

Hair Treatment

Some hair loss is treatable and some is permanent. There are many ways to treat it such as medication, surgery and laser therapy.


Whenever hair fall is caused by an underlying disease, medication will be required to treat the disease before any other action is taken. Typically, if the root cause is thyroid, effective control of those hormones can help reduce or stop hair fall.


Hair transplant surgery is the most common treatment for baldness. Hairs from other parts of the scalp are transplanted to the bald area. This is a permanent solution to baldness and the hair are restored to the pre-bald state very easily.

So, if you notice a receding hairline or notice patches of baldness, there are always plenty of options to remediate it. It is always good to explore some rather than adorning hats, caps and scarves! Check out your options and talk to your doctor about your condition and seek the right treatment for your hair.